Lavello is a town inhabited since the Neolithic period, as evidenced by the remains of settlements found in the surrounding area, even if its maximum splendor is attested under the Normans, to whom we owe the construction of the castle, now home to the Town Hall.
There are several places of historical and artistic interest that bear witness to the ancient origins, very characteristic and evocative is above all the medieval village called "Pescarello".
Renowned is its carnival, one of the most interesting of the Lucanian tradition. Called "the Domino", it takes its name from the homonymous mask that wears an original red tunic and wanders the streets of the town and among the "festini", places set up for the occasion in which you dance until the morning (every Saturday from 17 January to the Sunday after Shrove Tuesday)
In addition to the renowned Venosa and Melfi, around Lavello there are real gems to explore, small villages rich in history and flavors.
About 30 minutes drive from Lavello there is a small village perched on a "white cliff": Ripacandida. Its historic center is full of medieval testimonies, stately buildings, palaces with noble coats of arms, decorations of the Norman era without ever losing sight of the breath-taking panorama in which stand out the Monte Vulture and the Valley of Vitalba. Also known as the city of wine, oil and honey, the small village of Ripacandida is also called "little Assisi" of Basilicata for the valuable frescoes of the Giotto school that decorate the walls of the splendid Franciscan plant sanctuary dedicated to San Donato Vescovo, Patron of the town. Admiring them, one has the sensation of leafing through a real "illustrated Bible".
Near Ripacandida is Rionero in Vulture, built at the foot of Mount Vulture and surrounded by an area rich in natural beauty, it has given birth to famous people and is one of the centers of Aglianico del Vulture Doc.
In the area are the Lakes of Monticchio, one larger, the other smaller, also recognized as a Regional Reserve. The two stretches of water rise right in the place of the crater of the Vulture, now extinct volcano, reflected in them the splendid Benedictine Abbey of San Michele. Set up on the first two floors of the Abbey of San Michele in the Fraction of Monticchio, the museum displays the natural beauties of an ecosystem still intact like that of the Vulture.
The Museum proposes seven stages of a journey that goes from the Homo Erectus of Atella to the present day.
The city also offers an interesting visit to the Aglianico wineries that allow you to discover the fragrant and full-bodied Lucan wine to be associated with delicious dishes with genuine flavors.
For lovers of trekking, on foot or on horseback, and of nature in general, moreover, the territory of Rionero in Vulture offers various opportunities for recreation and relaxation.
On the other side, still about 20 minutes drive we find Palazzo San Gervasio, a small village where is located the building built by the Emperor of Swabia Federico II. At Palazzo San Gervasio there is also the precious "Pinacoteca D'Errico" dedicated to Camillo d'Errico, a refined patron of Lucan and a passionate collector.
For lovers of trekking, a few kilometres from this village there is a nature reserve among the most popular in the southern sporting landscape dedicated to fishing: the Fontetusio Lake, also known as Lake Santa Giulia. Due to the predominant silence, the pond is the ideal location for the nesting of many species of birds, so birdwatchers will not be disappointed.
Famous for the excellent Aglianico del Vulture, which is the result of a careful selection of high quality grapes processed in equipped local cellars, Maschito is one of the Basilicata arborëreshë countries, together with Barile and Ginestra, in the area of Vulture Alto Bradano, and to San Costantino Albanese and San Paolo Albanese, both in the Pollino Park.
One of the characteristics of this beautiful village is the use of the Albanian language that dominates in everyday speech, in sayings, in proverbs and in nursery rhymes, a distinctive feature of even the smallest.
A few steps from Maschito there is Forenza which, with its irregular and narrow streets, welcomes visitors giving unique sensations that are liveable through the alleys now closed now panoramic views of the surrounding area. No less exciting is the impact with the beautiful nature that "embraces" the country for the beauty of the landscape and the opportunity to cross it during exciting excursions.
To visit is the Contadina house that meticulously recreates a typical house of the peasant culture of the period between the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and is considered one of the attractions of the country.
Barile is very characteristic, a small country of origin arbëreshe (Greek-Albanian), whose language, traditions and religious cults have been preserved for centuries.
Just 30 minutes from the Resort, Barile has a striking location, set on two hills separated by a ravine. Considered also one of the countries of oil and wine, just in the outskirts you can visit the cellars of the "Sheshë", "piazza", features and tiny artisan houses with colorful doors where the precious Aglianico wine is kept.
At different times of the year the town is the scene of interesting events of taste, dedicated to its food and wine tradition, or of the sacred. In fact, for over four hundred years, the oldest Sacred Representation of Basilicata has taken place, which recalls the Passion of Christ on Good Friday.
Very suggestive, the historical center of Barile is a succession of characteristic arches, portals and paved streets in stone, through which you can discover the arbëreshë traditions.
Not only Matera, Città dei Sassi, but also Barile was one of the locations chosen by Pasolini to shoot some of the highlights of the film "The Gospel according to St. Matthew".
In the municipality of Vulture Melfese the most exciting and intense scenes of the masterpiece that Pier Paolo Pasolini turned in 1964 were shot.
A little further from the Resort (about 50 minutes) but definitely not to be missed is Acerenza. One of the "most beautiful villages in Italy" is called "cathedral city" for the imposing temple that dominates the center of the ancient village, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta and San Canio (XI-XIII century).
Once in the village you can get lost in the alleys of the ancient village where fountains and palaces are added, many of them with internal courtyards, decorated with coats of arms and stone portals.